Oolong Tea is Chinese Tea made by a unique process of fermenting the withered leaves, and also putting the plant under harsh sunlight for oxidation before curled and twisted. The percentage of oxidation varies from 8% to 80% depending on quality and the way of producing it in a different style. Oolong Tea is popular with tea lovers of South China and among Chinese in Southeast Asia.
Excellent quality Oolong Tea is produced by specialized tea plant cultivators. There are various types of Oolong Tea with their distinct flavor. They can give fresh flowers aroma, can give a wood smell, or can give fruity and sweet aroma, depending on their style of production. Many types of Oolong Tea which are produced in Wuvi Mountains such as Da Hong Pao are widely used in China.
Different types of Oolong Teas are made in a variety of ways like traditional leaves are curled loosely as long leaves while some are curled as small beads. The process of making Oolong Tea is very time-consuming and intricate. It undergoes into various steps and many repeated measures to have the desired result of browning and bruising of the leaves. Temperature control is maintained while rolling, withering, firing. The real art of making oolong tea is in its roasting process.
Oolong Tea in China is called as Black Dragon Tea because of its curly, long and dark appearance. There is one interesting story about It. There was a man named Wu Liang, and he discovered the tea by accident. One day while tea picking he was distracted by a deer. By the time he returned to collect the tea it had started to oxidize. This is how he came to know about Oolong Tea and that is how it was discovered.
Different quality of Oolong Tea in various countries:
China, Fujian –
- Wuvi Tea
- Huang Guan Yin Tea Leaves
- Wuvi Oolong Tea Leaves
Some of the expensive and Organic Tea –
- Rougui : It has a Spicy aroma.
- DA Hong Pao: It is the most famous and costly tea of China.
- Bai jiguan: A light yellow color tea with mild flavor.
- Tieguanvin: Very great tea.
- Huangiin Gui: Very fragrant tea.
China, Guangdong –
Rou Gui Xiang:
- Dan Cong: It is a high-quality Tea. Dan Cong means Phoenix Tea it is picked from one tree.
Taiwanese Tea –
The Tea industry in Taiwan is expanding in growth as its economy. Cultivation of tea in Taiwan began in the 18th century. Because of domestic requirement and its tea culture, most of the Tea produced is consumed in Taiwan itself.
Tea quality of Taiwan differs season to season due to highly variable weather condition, from high mountains to low-lying plains. Due to whether difference, soil, and altitude, the appearance of tea leaves and aroma are different in all region.
Variety of Taiwanese Tea:
- Alishan Oolong: It has a fruity aroma and is yellow in color when brewed, and it is sweet in taste. This tea is grown in Alishan area. It is grown at the elevation of 1100 to 1500 meters. Alishan Oolong has large leaves and has a purple color when dry.
- Dongding: It is tightly rolled tea with mild flavor. It is named after a mountain in Central Taiwan.
- Pouchong: It is grown near Taipei, Taiwan. The leaves are unrolled, and it has light and floral aroma.
- Jin Xuan: Oolong Tea cultivated in 1980. It is smooth and creamy that’s why it is called “Milky Oolong.” There is no milk in Oolong Tea, but nowadays many companies add milk powder in tea.
- Dongfang Meiren: It has a fruity smell and sweet taste, the leaves are red in appearance with white or golden tip.
- Lishan Oolong: It is one of the best Tea in Taiwan. Cultivated in Lishan Mountain at an elevation of 1,000 meters.
India is known for its Black and Green Tea from Assam, Nilgiri, Darjeeling, Kangra and some company also make hand rolled Oolong Tea.
Variety of Indian Oolong Tea –
- Assam Oolong: It is made according to Chinese procedure. It has a delicate flavor.
- Darjeeling Oolong: Similar to Assam, Darjeeling Oolong tea is also a light flavor.
Oolong Tea is made in different shapes and leaf colors. The tea offers such variation on smell and taste and appearance. Oolong Tea Benefits gives healthy look. Its oxidization varies from 14% to 79%, and they come in the different style of tea like semi ball rolled, leafy style, and strip style.
Steeping of Oolong Tea –
Typically, two teaspoons of Oolong Tea are used per cup. It should be prepared at 93-degree to 96-degree centigrade and steeped for four to ten minutes. Oolong Tea can be steeped many times by the same leaf, in fact, it tastes better after re-brewing the third or fourth brewing is considered best-tasting tea.
It offers good types of flavor from spicy to fruity, from woodsy to sweet and floral. If you are tea aficionado and not yet tested Oolong Tea, then it is time to get familiar with this astonishing variety of tea.
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